Wednesday, September 17, 2014

Wednesday Weekly # 46

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!


AL-AHRAM WEEKLY


By Nevine El-Aref:


Pyramid restoration restarts

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/7187/47/Pyramid-restoration-restarts.aspx

THE CAIRO POST


By Rany Mostafa:


Egyptian temple south of Luxor jeopardized by groundwater

http://thecairopost.com/news/124770/travel-antiquities/egyptian-temple-south-of-luxor-jeopardized-by-groundwater

ANCIENT HISTORY LISTS

Top 10 most popular ancient Egyptian food

http://www.ancienthistorylists.com/egypt-history/top-10-popular-ancient-egyptian-food/

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE

Russian Academy of Sciences, Centre for Egyptological Studies, Moscow (CESRAS) & Russian Institute of Egyptology in Cairo (RIEC) Digital Library
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2012/11/russian-academy-of-sciences-centre-for.html

The Karnak Great Hypostyle Hall Project
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2012/08/the-karnak-great-hypostyle-hall-project.html

MARIA ROSA VALDESOGO

“The Hand in the Mouth”: Nursing the Baby in Ancient Egypt.
http://www.mariarosavaldesogo.com/hand-mouth-nursing-baby-ancient-egypt/

AHRAM ONLINE

Egypt's Ministry of Antiquities celebrates New Coptic Year
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/42/110650/Heritage/Coptic/Egypts-Ministry-of-Antiquities-celebrates-New-Copt.aspx

Marina Al-Alamein archaeological site is set to open in April
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/41/110919/Heritage/GrecoRoman/Marina-AlAlamein-archaeological-site-is-set-to-ope.aspx

POPULAR ARCHAEOLOGY

Kingdom of Kush Iron Industry Works Discovered
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-09012014/article/kingdom-of-kush-iron-industry-works-discovered

HERITAGE DAILY

Study Traces Ecological Collapse Over 6,000 Years Of Egyptian History
http://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/09/study-traces-ecological-collapse-6000-years-egyptian-history/104773

AERA

By Walid Abd Elbary Attia (MSA ceramics student):

Different Methods to Drawing Pottery
http://www.aeraweb.org/blog/different-methods-to-drawing-pottery/

DAILY NEWS EGYPT

Google launches a 360-degree street view imagery of Egypt’s historical sites
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/09/14/google-launches-360-degree-street-view-imagery-egypts-historical-sites/

FACES & VOICES

Magical Amulets and other Marvels – From Egypt to Manchester
http://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2014/09/10/magical-amulets-and-other-marvels-from-egypt-to-manchester/

MUSEUM EGYPTOLOGY

Understanding Egyptian Collections, Part 1.
http://museumegyptology.wordpress.com/2014/09/15/understanding-egyptian-collections-part-1/

ANCIENT AVARIS

Welcome To The Official Avaris Blog
http://ancientavaris.wordpress.com/2014/09/10/willkommen-auf-dem-offiziellen-avaris-blog-welcome-to-the-official-avaris-blog/

MANCHESTER MUSEUM DIGITAL GAZETTE

Encountering Corpses
http://storiesfromthemuseumfloor.wordpress.com/2014/09/11/encountering-corpses/


Sunday, September 14, 2014

Egyptian temple south of Luxor jeopardized by groundwater

By Rany Mostafa:

CAIRO: The 4,000-year-old Kom Mer temple south of Luxor is being threatened by rising groundwater and wastewater, a guard at the temple, who asked to remain anonymous over fears of repercussion, told The Cairo Post Friday.

“The foundation of the temple has been suffering from groundwater issues during the past decade, but there has been a notable increase in the groundwater levels, especially at the northern and western parts of the temple, during the last year. It is mainly because of the random drainage system installed in several unlicensed buildings in the neighboring villages,” the guard said.

Kom Mer temple, located in the town of Esna, 45 kilometers south of Luxor, was built during the New Kingdom (1580 B.C.-1080 B.C.) and was dedicated to Khnum, Esna’s local god of creation, Ancient Egyptian History Professor Sherif el-Sabban told The Cairo Post Friday.

The temple was excavated in 1830 by an Italian archaeology mission, Sabban added.

“In addition to the groundwater problem, the neighborhood of the temple has become a breeding ground for rats and mosquitoes due to the piles of garbage and stinking sewage dumped by the residents near the temple,” the guard said.

The deteriorating conditions at Kom Mer temple have raised fears among archaeologists that the saline groundwater could erode the bedrock under the temple and lead to its collapse.

Groundwater flow around the temple, which has caused the groundwater to rise in the area of the temple, is from newly irrigated areas nearby the Nile, Archaeologist Ayman Abd el-Rahman told The Cairo Post Friday.

“The groundwater, with a high salt content, would cause an exfoliation of stones, dissolution of building materials, and crystallization of salts in its walls,” said Abdel-Rahman. Kom Mer temple, like many other temples of ancient Egypt—including Karnak—was built nearby the Nile, and water collected in canals and ditches from the river is used to irrigate crops.

“Pumping groundwater from beneath the monuments, improving sanitation systems and re-digging the canals surrounding the temple will lower the underground water level and solve a considerable part of the groundwater problem,” said Abdel-Rahman, who called on involved parties to ban dumping garbage in the vicinity of the temple.

Source: http://thecairopost.com/news/124770/travel-antiquities/egyptian-temple-south-of-luxor-jeopardized-by-groundwater

Saturday, September 13, 2014

Pyramid restoration restarts

Work on Djoser’s Step Pyramid in Saqqara is continuing despite a contracting controversy, writes Nevine El-Aref

When Minister of Antiquities Mamdouh Eldamaty announced the resumption of work at Djoser’s Step Pyramid in Saqqara this week, after some four years’ delay, the decision was generally applauded. But some archeologists are raising concerns about the company chosen to do the restoration.
They accused the ministry of negligence in awarding the work to the Al-Shorbagi Company, which, they say, was responsible for the earlier collapse of a block of the 4,600-year-old Step Pyramid.
Amir Gamal, representative of the Non-Stop Robberies pressure group, accused the company and the ministry of not following international restoration standards because they built a new wall around the pyramid. International rules prevent such new additions being made, he said.
Gamal added that the company, hired in 2006, had not finished the work by 2008, as specified in the contract. “Meanwhile, the condition of the pyramid has been going from bad to worse,” he said.
“The company does not specialise in restoration, and it has never carried out restoration work in Egypt,” Gamal said, adding that the Al-Shorbagy Company had previously only built cafeterias and other modern buildings at archaeological sites.
“If the ministry is confident in the restoration work that is being carried out, it should release a technical report for all to see,” he added.
Ahmed Shehab, an official of the Preserving Egypt Antiquities Organisation, an NGO, said that he was concerned because a 2011 UNESCO report had said that the pyramid was at risk and there was no proper restoration plan.

Wednesday, September 10, 2014

Wednesday Weekly # 45 Summer Edition

The Wednesday Weekly is back with a summer edition, packed with links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!


EUREKALERT


Chronic infection, smoke inhalation, or yet to be discovered causes could explain why ancient men and women had atherosclerosis

http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-07/whf-cis072814.php?utm_content=buffer11752&utm_medium=social&utm_source=twitter.com&utm_campaign=buffer

Study traces ecological collapse over 6,000 years of Egyptian history
http://www.eurekalert.org/pub_releases/2014-09/uoc--ste090314.php

THE OPEN UNIVERSITY


Grant success for OU study on use of meteorite iron in ancient Egypt

http://www.open.ac.uk/research/main/news/grant-success-for-ou-study-use-meteorite-iron-ancient-egypt

TULANE UNIVERSITY


Egyptologist sheds light on Tulane mummies

http://tulane.edu/news/newwave/080414_egyptologist_and_tulane_mummies.cfm

BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY


Heart Disease in Mummies

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/daily-life-and-practice/heart-disease-in-mummies/

Unraveling Mummy Mysteries at Tulane

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/ancient-near-eastern-world/unraveling-mummy-mysteries-at-tulane/

Ancient Egyptian Mummification

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/ancient-near-eastern-world/ancient-egyptian-mummification/

To See or Not to See: Technology Peers into Ancient Mummies

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/ancient-near-eastern-world/to-see-or-not-to-see-technology-peers-into-ancient-mummies/

Examining the Lives of Ancient Egyptian Women

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/ancient-near-eastern-world/examining-the-lives-of-ancient-egyptian-women/

1,500-Year-Old Christian Amulet References Eucharist

http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/biblical-topics/post-biblical-period/1500-year-old-christian-amulet-references-eucharist/

AHRAM ONLINE


Coin smuggler foiled at Cairo Airport

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/41/107807/Heritage/GrecoRoman/Coin-smuggler-foiled-at-Cairo-Airport.aspx

Mummies in Egypt began long before Age of Pharoahs

http://english.ahram.org.eg/News/108406.aspx

Stolen fragments from pyramid tomb to be returned from Germany

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/108501/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Stolen-fragments-from-pyramid-tomb-to-be-returned-.aspx

UK campaigners request Egyptian help to restore ancient statue to public view
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/0/110130/Heritage/UK-campaigners-request-Egyptian-help-to-restore-an.aspx

AL-AHRAM WEEKLY


Evidence of Akhenaten

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/6888/47/Evidence--of--Akhenaten.aspx

Revisiting Tut’s discovery

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/6887/47/Revisiting-Tut%E2%80%99s-discovery-.aspx

Developments in Qantara

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/7057/47/Developments-in-Qantara.aspx

Tutankhamun in Tokyo

http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/7130/47/Tutankhamun-in-Tokyo.aspx

BATTLE CREEK ENQUIRER


Egypt makes slow gains against antiquities thefts

http://www.battlecreekenquirer.com/usatoday/article/13397909

BOISE STATE UNIVERSITY


By Kathleen Tuck:


The Mummy’s Face: Solving an Ancient Mystery

http://news.boisestate.edu/update/2014/08/13/mummys-face-solving-ancient-mystery/

ART DAILY


Ashmolean's summer exhibition displays objects from ancient Egypt’s Amarna Period

http://artdaily.com/news/71901/Ashmolean-s-summer-exhibition-displays-objects-from-ancient-Egypt--146-s-Amarna-Period#.U-dZeuN_uSo

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE


IMPACT Radiological Mummy Database

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2012/05/impact-radiological-mummy-database.html

Online Abnormal Hieratic Reading Book

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2013/05/online-abnormal-hieratic-reading-book.html

The Ancient Egyptian Necropolis of Assiut

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-ancient-egyptian-necropolis-of.html

Répertoire bibliographique des figurines funéraires (shabtis / oushebtis)

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2012/01/repertoire-bibliographique-des.html

t3.wy Foundation for Historical Research in Egyptology: "Excavating in Archives"

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2011/11/dighouses-in-egypt-online.html

The Global Egyptian Museum
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2010/06/global-egyptian-museum.html

News from the UCLA Encyclopedia of Egyptology
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2014/09/news-from-ucla-encyclopedia-of.html

Travellers’Graffiti from Egypt and the Sudan
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2014/09/travellersgraffiti-from-egypt-and-sudan.html

HAIR AND DEATH IN ANCIENT EGYPT

by María Rosa Valdesogo:


Why Became the Ancient Egyptian Goddess Neith a Protective of the Dead?

http://hairanddeathinancientegypt.com/2014/07/31/why-became-the-ancient-egyptian-goddess-neith-a-protective-of-the-dead/

The Ancient Egyptian Goddess Serket, a Dead Protector.

http://hairanddeathinancientegypt.com/2014/08/07/the-ancient-egyptian-goddess-serket-a-dead-protector/

The Ancient Egyptian Goddess Serket. The Water Scorpion that Helped the Dead Breathe.

http://hairanddeathinancientegypt.com/2014/08/14/the-ancient-egyptian-goddess-serket-helped-the-dead-breathe/

Hair was essential in Aztec Mourning like in Ancient Egypt.

http://hairanddeathinancientegypt.com/2014/08/21/hair-was-essential-in-aztec-mourning-like-in-ancient-egypt/

The Dead: An Observer in the Egyptian Art.
http://hairanddeathinancientegypt.com/2014/09/04/the-dead-an-observer-in-the-egyptian-art/

IN THE ARTIFACT LAB


New post by Molly Gleeson:


Is there an archaeobotanist in the house?

http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2014/08/02/is-there-an-archaeobotanist-in-the-house/

A different sort of unwrapping…

http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2014/08/13/a-different-sort-of-unwrapping/

by guest blogger Jessica Schwartz:


Working In the Artifact Lab

http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2014/08/06/working-in-the-artifact-lab/

Conserving Egyptian Collections, day 1
http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2014/09/02/conserving-egyptian-collections-day-1/

Conserving Egyptian Collections, day 2
http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2014/09/05/conserving-egyptian-collections-day-2/

EGYPTIANS


New posts by Timothy Reid:


The Mummy of Herakleides

http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-mummy-of-herakleides.html

Five Minutes in the Mummy Chambers

http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/08/five-minutes-in-mummy-chamber.html

The Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt

http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-encyclopedia-of-ancient-egypt.html

The Masterpieces of the Pergamon and Bode Museum

http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-masterpieces-of-pergamon-and-bode.html

The Tutankhamun Deception
http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-tutankhamun-deception.html

Women in Ancient Egypt
http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2014/09/women-in-ancient-egypt.html

THE BRITISH MUSEUM BLOG


By Anna Hodgkinson, Research Fellow, British Museum:


Colourful glass adornments from Egypt: an 18th-dynasty enigma

http://blog.britishmuseum.org/2014/07/31/colourful-glass-adornments-from-egypt-an-18th-dynasty-enigma/

By Julie Anderson, Assistant Keeper (curator), British Museum:


Death, the great equaliser: Christianity on the Middle Nile

http://blog.britishmuseum.org/2014/08/08/death-the-great-equaliser-christianity-on-the-middle-nile/

ANCIENT EGYPT AND A MAPLE LEAF

New post by Thomas H. Greiner:


100 Years and Counting: My 3 Favourite Objects at the Royal Ontario Museum

http://thomasgreiner.com/2014/08/05/100-years-and-counting-my-3-favourite-objects-at-the-royal-ontario-museum/

BEYOND BONES


Conservation student Kate Brugioni blows the lid off the restoration process for ancient Egyptian artifacts

http://blog.hmns.org/2014/07/hall-of-ancient-egypt-kate-brugioni-restoration-ancient-artifacts/

Off With Its Head! The “De-restoration” of the MCCM Coffin Lid

http://blog.hmns.org/2014/08/off-with-its-head-the-de-restoration-of-the-mccm-coffin-lid/

MEDICINE AND MAGIC IN ANCIENT EGYPT

By Sofia Lodi:


Medicinal Uses of Celery in Ancient Egypt

http://nefertotsie.blogspot.nl/2014/08/medicinal-uses-of-celery-in-ancient.html

Migraine in ancient Egypt

http://nefertotsie.blogspot.nl/2014/08/migraine-in-ancient-egypt.html

ANCIENT EGYPT ALIVE!


by Laura Ranieri:


Day 5 – Cairo: Private Pyramids to Ramadan Insanity

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/05/day-5-cairo-private-pyramids-to-ramadan-insanity/

Days 6-8 – Overnight In The White Desert

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/06/days-6-8-overnight-in-the-white-desert/

Day 9 – Alone in Luxor and Touring with the Qiftis

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/07/day-9-alone-in-luxor-and-touring-with-the-qiftis/

Deir el Bahri in the Blistering Heat: Our private audience with Hatshepsut

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/12/deir-el-bahri-in-the-blistering-heat-our-private-audience-with-hatshepsut/

Medinet Habu — Pharaonic Egypt’s Last Great Stand

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/14/medinet-habu-pharaonic-egypts-last-great-stand/

Ghostly Encounter at the Old Winter Palace

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/15/ghostly-encounter-at-the-old-winter-palace/

Day 12- The Delight of Denderah Temple: A Ptolemaic Masterpiece

http://www.ancientegyptalive.com/2014/08/22/day-12-the-delight-of-denderah-temple-a-ptolemaic-masterpiece/

LIVESCIENCE


By Stephanie Pappas:


Origins of Hierarchy: How Egyptian Pharaohs Rose to Power

http://www.livescience.com/47284-how-stone-age-despots-evolved.html

By Owen Jarus:


'Evil Eye' Box and Other Ancient Treasures Found in Nile River Cemetery

http://www.livescience.com/47306-nile-river-cemetery-discovered.html

NATURE


Mummifying-balm recipe is older than the pharaohs

http://www.nature.com/news/mummifying-balm-recipe-is-older-than-the-pharaohs-1.15717

POPULAR ARCHAEOLOGY


Egyptian mummification started much earlier than previously thought, say researchers

http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/06052014/article/egyptian-mummification-started-much-earlier-than-previously-thought-say-researchers

The Mummy Doctors
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-09012014/article/the-mummy-doctors

Merenptah Rising
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-09012014/article/merenptah-rising

Study shows how ecology transformed through 6,000 years of Egyptian history
http://popular-archaeology.com/issue/fall-09012014/article/study-shows-how-ecology-transformed-through-6-000-years-of-egyptian-history

EGYPT AT THE MANCHESTER MUSEUM


Object biography # 16: A pyramid temple column reused by Ramesses II (Acc. no. 1780)

http://egyptmanchester.wordpress.com/2014/08/18/object-biography-16-a-pyramid-temple-column-reused-by-ramesses-ii-acc-no-1780/

Unravelling the John Rylands papyrus collection
http://egyptmanchester.wordpress.com/2014/09/02/unravelling-the-john-rylands-papyrus-collection/

Edinburgh workshop 16/10/14: Egyptian Gold – Ancient Context, Modern Analysis
http://egyptmanchester.wordpress.com/2014/09/09/edinburgh-workshop-161014-egyptian-gold-ancient-context-modern-analysis/

LUXOR TIMES


A year later, Khufu's cartouche samples to be returned to Egypt

http://luxortimesmagazine.blogspot.nl/2014/08/a-year-later-khufus-cartouche-samples.html

HERITAGEDAILY


The Mummy's Face: Solving An Ancient Mystery

http://www.heritagedaily.com/2014/08/the-mummys-face-solving-an-ancient-mystery/104487

DAILY NEWS EGYPT


Cartouche scandal : Germany returns illegally obtained archaeological samples from Cheops Pyramid

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2014/08/19/cartouche-scandal-germany-returns-illegally-obtained-archaeological-samples-cheops-pyramid/

THE EGYPTIAN HISTORY PODCAST


Episode 33: Revivals and Regencies


Amenemhat I (Part II) and Senuseret I (Part I).

http://egyptianhistory.libsyn.com/episode-33-revivals-and-regencies

Episode 34: Night of the Long Knives

Senuseret I (Part II) and the Flight of Sinuhe
http://egyptianhistory.libsyn.com/episode-34-night-of-the-long-knives

PAST HORIZONS


Uncovering Berenike: An Ancient Port On The Red Sea Coast

http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/08/2014/uncovering-berenike-an-ancient-port-on-the-red-sea-coast

Tracing Changes In Nile Valley Ecology Over 6000 Years
http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/09/2014/tracing-changes-in-nile-valley-ecology-over-6000-years

THE NEW YORK TIMES


By Scott Reyburn:


The Lure of Antiquities

http://www.nytimes.com/2014/08/18/arts/international/the-lure-of-antiquities.html?_r=2

ANCIENT ORIGINS


The Forgotten Stones of Aswan Quarry, Egypt

http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-africa-opinion-guest-authors/forgotten-stones-aswan-quarry-egypt-001984

EGYPT CENTRE, SWANSEA


The Eye of an Artist

http://egyptcentre.blogspot.nl/2014/08/the-eye-of-artist.html

Pottery Stool from Amarna W345
http://egyptcentre.blogspot.nl/2014/09/pottery-stool-from-amarna-w345.html

DESERET NEWS


Hamblin & Peterson: Alexander the Great wasn't content to be merely human

http://www.deseretnews.com/article/865609382/Alexander-the-Great-wasnt-content-to-be-merely-human.html

OUPBLOG


Radiology and Egyptology: insights from ancient lives at the British Museum

http://blog.oup.com/2014/08/radiology-egyptology-ancient-lives-british-museum/?utm_source=feedburner&utm_medium=feed&utm_campaign=Feed%3A+oupblog+%28OUPblog%29

THE GLEN DASH FOUNDATION BLOG


What this Cliff Face May Reveal about the Building of the Pyramids and the Origin of the Sphinx

http://glendash.com/blog/2014/08/18/what-this-cliff-face-may-reveal-about-the-building-of-the-pyramids-and-the-origin-of-the-sphinx/

SOUTH ASASIF CONSERVATION BLOG


Blog Post 8: Reconstructing Karakhamun

http://southasasif.wordpress.com/2014/08/18/blog-post-8-reconstructing-karakhamun/

PENN MUSEUM BLOG


LiDAR Scans and Sacred Lakes: A Report from the 2014 Summer Season at Abydos- Part 1

http://www.penn.museum/blog/research/lidar-scans-and-sacred-lakes-a-report-from-the-2014-summer-season-at-abydos-part-1/

GARSTANG MUSEUM OF ARCHAEOLOGY


The Making Of Our Beni Hasan Mural

http://garstangmuseum.wordpress.com/2014/07/28/the-making-of-our-beni-hasan-mural/

Object Biography: Meet 'Felix' One Of Our Mummified Cats

http://garstangmuseum.wordpress.com/2014/08/13/object-biography-meet-felix-one-of-our-mummified-cats/

The Texts Of The Coffin Of Userhat (E.512)
http://garstangmuseum.wordpress.com/2014/09/02/the-texts-of-the-coffin-of-userhat-e-512/

AL-TAHRIR NEWS NETWORK

New discovery in Horhotep tomb highlights pragmatic funerary complexes

http://www.tnnegypt.com/egyptology/new-discovery-horhotep-tomb-highlights-pragmatic-funerary-complexes/

THE ART NEWSPAPER


When Egypt was a land of three faiths and one god

http://www.theartnewspaper.com/articles/When-Egypt-was-a-land-of-three-faiths-and-one-god/33430

THE HERALD NEWS


MFA's 'Gold and the Gods' opens window to ancient Nubia

http://www.heraldnews.com/article/20140825/ENTERTAINMENT/140828337/2052/ENTERTAINMENT/?Start=1

SCIENCE & SCHOLARSHIP IN POLAND


Polish archaeologists in on the Red Sea port

http://www.naukawpolsce.pap.pl/en/news/news,401643,polish-archaeologists-in-on-the-red-sea-port.html

BBC NEWS


Ancient Last Supper charm found in John Rylands Library

http://www.bbc.com/news/uk-england-manchester-29028009

UNIVERSITY OF OXFORD


Conserving by copying: the urgency of Egyptology (youtube)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=78yHqP1lazA&feature=youtu.be

THE TELEGRAPH


What happened to the missing mummies of Egypt's lost queens?

http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture/tvandradio/11072792/What-happened-to-the-missing-mummies-of-Egypts-lost-queens.html

MUSEUMS AND HERITAGE

Egyptians Brought Back To Life At The Atkinson

http://www.museumsandheritage.com/advisor/news/item/3602

AERA

By Ana Tavares:

Fast forward by a thousand years…
http://www.aeraweb.org/blog/fast-forward-by-a-thousand-years/

By Freya Sadarangani and Dan Jones:

Home and Away
http://www.aeraweb.org/blog/home-and-away/

ANCIENT EGYPTIAN ANIMAL BIO BANK

Manchester Museum’s Animal Mummies in Micro
http://ancientegyptbiobank.wordpress.com/2014/09/02/manchester-museums-animal-mummies-in-micro/

ACROSSBORDERS

Discussing ceramics from Sai Island and other Nubian sites
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/discussing-ceramics-from-sai-island-and-other-nubian-sites/

Some impressions from the 13th International Conference for Nubian Studies
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/some-impressions-from-the-13th-international-conference-for-nubian-studies/

THE CAIRO POST

Renovation of Sakkara step pyramid to be completed in 2015: Antiquities Minister
http://thecairopost.com/news/123741/travel-antiquities/renovation-of-sakkara-step-pyramid-to-be-completed-in-2015-antiquities-minister

3,000-year-old coffin lid found during house clearance in UK
http://thecairopost.com/news/123760/travel-antiquities/3000-year-old-coffin-lid-found-during-a-house-clearance-in-cambridge

76 Egyptian antiquities for auction at Christie’s
http://thecairopost.com/news/124065/travel-antiquities/76-egyptian-antiquities-for-auction-at-christies

Ancient Egyptian wall relief of Amun-Ra discovered in Sudan
http://thecairopost.com/news/124183/travel-antiquities/ancient-egyptian-wall-relief-of-amun-ra-discovered-in-sudan

Tutankhamen treasures, other items transferred to Grand Egyptian Museum
http://thecairopost.com/news/124275/travel-antiquities/tutankhamen-treasures-other-items-transferred-to-grand-egyptian-museum

Pharaonic New Year celebrated in Minya
http://thecairopost.com/news/124535/travel-antiquities/pharaonic-new-year-celebrated-in-minya


Tuesday, September 9, 2014

Study shows how ecology transformed through 6,000 years of Egyptian history

Ancient Egyptian artworks help scientists reconstruct how animal communities changed as climate became drier and human populations grew.

Depictions of animals in ancient Egyptian artifacts have helped scientists assemble a detailed record of the large mammals that lived in the Nile Valley over the past 6,000 years. A new analysis of this record shows that species extinctions, probably caused by a drying climate and growing human population in the region, have made the ecosystem progressively less stable.
The study, published September 8 in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), found that local extinctions of mammal species led to a steady decline in the stability of the animal communities in the Nile Valley. When there were many species in the community, the loss of any one species had relatively little impact on the functioning of the ecosystem, whereas it is now much more sensitive to perturbations, according to first author Justin Yeakel, who worked on the study as a graduate student at the University of California, Santa Cruz, and is now a postdoctoral fellow at the Santa Fe Institute.
Around six millennia ago, there were 37 species of large-bodied mammals in Egypt, but only eight species remain today. Among the species recorded in artwork from the late Predynastic Period (before 3100 BC) but no longer found in Egypt are lions, wild dogs, elephants, oryx, hartebeest, and giraffe.

Monday, September 8, 2014

Examining the Lives of Ancient Egyptian Women

The case of an ancient Egyptian woman named Tjat

By Melinda Nelson-Hurst   •  09/02/2014 for the Biblical Archaeology Society

In the heart of Egypt, about 150 miles (ca. 240 km) south of modern Cairo near the city of Minya, lies a large and ancient necropolis at a site named Beni Hasan. This location has been popular among tourists and academics because several of its massive, rock-cut tombs have beautifully decorated tomb chapels that have survived for millennia. These tombs provide troves of information for scholars to analyze and debate, but today I’d like to focus on one minor person in one tomb: an ancient Egyptian woman by the name of Tjat.
Tjat appears in the tomb of Khnumhotep II (tomb 3), a local ruler from around the middle of the Twelfth Dynasty (ca. 1900 B.C.). You may have heard about this tomb before because of its so-called scene of Asiatics (people depicted in the typical way that the ancient Egyptians used to distinguish people to the northeast of Egypt)—figures who have been variously interpreted as everything from local nomads to immigrants from the Near East to Biblical figures. However, much less attention has been paid to the woman named Tjat who appears in prominent positions in four different scenes throughout this tomb and is labeled there as a “sealer” (sometimes translated “treasurer”).
Who was Tjat and why does she appear within this tomb? Because of her prominent place (and that of her children) within these scenes, as well as other factors, scholars have assumed for over a hundred years that Tjat was the mistress and/or second wife of Khnumhotep II, who in turn is assumed to be the father of Tjat’s children. However, having studied Khnumhotep II’s family in some depth, I began to feel compelled to reassess this interpretation of Tjat. Might we, as scholars, have been too quick to categorize this woman as a sexual partner of Khnumhotep II because she did not easily fit other familiar categories? I would certainly say, “yes.” While we will never be able to answer all of our questions about ancient Egypt with any certainty, it is only through close study of both the details and the wider social and historical contexts that we might come a bit closer to the ancient realities of life.

Sunday, September 7, 2014

Museum Pieces - Block statue of Nes-Amun

Photocredit: BA Antiquities Museum/C. Gerigk
Block statue of Nes-Amun

Category: Sculpture in the round, statues, human / gods and goddesses statues, block (cube) statues
Date: Late Period (664-332 BCE)
Provenance: Upper Egypt, Luxor (Thebes), East Bank, Karnak temple
Material(s): Rock, granite, black granite
Height: 46 cm; Width: 20.5 cm; Depth: 29.5 cm
Inventory#: BAAM Serial 0598

Description

Block statue of a priest serving the god Montu in Thebes by the name of "Nes Amun" which was found in a cache in Karnak.  The priest is represented in a squatting position and a relief sculpture of the god of the dead, Osiris in mummified form and wearing the white crown of Upper Egypt, occupies the centre of the statue.  The god Osiris holds the crook and flail, emblems of power and government.  Hieroglyphs in two vertical lines on the sides glorify him.  The back of the statue also contains hieroglyphs divided into two horizontal lines which read from right to left representing a dedication from the priest and prayers for his soul.

The Priesthood

The priest in ancient Egypt was considered a servant of the god and he was therefore referred to as Hem-Neter, Hem literally meaning servant, Neter meaning god.  He was attached to a temple to look after the needs of the god in terms of food and clothing.  During the Old and Middle Kingdoms, some priests worked only part-time at the temple and returned to their ordinary everyday family life and occupation after a stint lasting three months in the temple compound (one month in every four per year).

Priests were divided into different ranks and had different duties within the temple, such as attending to offerings and minor parts of temple ritual, or running the economic affairs and administration of the temple, while only the chief priest was allowed to handle the cult image. This high rank of priesthood was not limited to men only, as women from the elite also filled the role of chief priestess. They were called Hemet-Neter and during the Old and Middle Kingdom served the goddess Hathor.

The chief priest exercised great power and influence on Pharaoh and ordinary people alike. During the 18th Dynasty (1550-1295), the god Amun gained supremacy over other gods and as a result, the Amun priesthood dominated the religious landscape and became exceedingly powerful.

The lowest or entry rank among priests was that of Waab, or 'purifier' who was entrusted with the purification and cleanliness of ritual area and items, however, he was not allowed into the inner sanctuary.  Another rank of priesthood was that of astrologer/ astronomer which was in charge of divination and of calculating time and setting the calendar determining religious festivals, as well as lucky and unlucky days.

Other priests attached to the "House of Life" or 'Per-Ankh'  were responsible for teaching religious matters, writing and for copying texts.  The Hery Heb or lector priests recited the words of the god.  They were part of the permanent staff at the temple.

Every temple had its retinue of singers and musicians to perform during festivals and rituals. Women among the nobles had the title of "singer or chantress of Amun" and were shown holding or shaking the musical instrument called sistrum during ceremonial activities.

There were other priests involved with healing, with oracles, those who were able to communicate with the dead (mainly women called Rakhet) and those workers of protective magic.

Priests were not allowed to wear wool or leather products, only clothes made of high-quality linen and sandals made of Papyrus, with the exception of the Sem priests who wore a cheetah skin.  The latter performed the 'Opening of the Mouth' ceremony during the mummification process.

Priests inherited their role from their fathers, and by the Roman period it was common for the office to be bought.  The role of priests in small provincial temples remained less important than in larger ones.


Bibliography
"Priests". In The Oxford Encyclopedia of Ancient Egypt. Edited by Donald B. Redford. Vol. III. New York: Oxford University Press, 2001.
"Priests". In Dictionary of Egyptian civilization. By Posener, Georges, Serge Sauneron and Jean Yoyotte. Translated from the French by Alix Macfarlane. London: Methuen, 1962.

Source: http://antiquities.bibalex.org/Collection/Detail.aspx?lang=en&a=598