Wednesday, January 28, 2015

Wednesday Weekly # 63

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!

Photocredit: Huffington Post

BIRMINGHAM EGYPTOLOGY

Symposium 2015


Nationality, Authority, Individuality in Ancient Egypt

http://birminghamegyptology.co.uk/symposium/

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE

Open Access Oriental Institute Nubian Expedition Publications
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2014/03/open-access-oriental-institute-nubian.html

Edfu Explorer Online
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/01/edfu-explorer-online.html

Les travaux de Karnak (1900-2013)
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/01/les-travaux-de-karnak-1900-2013.html

EGYPT AT THE MANCHESTER MUSEUM

Rah-rah, Senenmut – Lover of the Egyptian Queen?
https://egyptmanchester.wordpress.com/2015/01/26/rah-rah-senenmut-lover-of-the-egyptian-queen/

MARÍA ROSA VALDESOGO

Ancient Egyptian Union and Rebirth of Re and Osiris.
http://www.mariarosavaldesogo.com/ancient-egyptian-union-rebirth-re-osiris/

EGYPTIANS

Monuments of Civilization: EGYPT
http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2015/01/monuments-of-civilization-egypt.html

Tutankhamun by T.G.H. James
http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2015/01/tutankhamun-by-tgh-james.html

IN THE ARTIFACT LAB

Examination and treatment of Wilfred/a
http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2015/01/22/examination-and-treatment-of-wilfreda/

AHRAM ONLINE

Beard of Egypt's King Tut hastily glued back on with epoxy
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/120937/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Beard-of-Egypts-King-Tut-hastily-glued-back-on-wit.aspx

Archaeological committee to inspect 'glued' Tutankhamun's gold mask and beard
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/120988/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/-Archaeological-committee-to-inspect-glued-Tutankh.aspx

International museum body demands answers over Tutankhamen damage
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/121254/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/International-museum-body-demands-answers-over-Tut.aspx

Brouhaha on Tutankhamun's mask comes to an end
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/121214/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Brouhaha-on-Tutankhamuns-mask-comes-to-an-end.aspx

CATHOLIC PHILLY

CSI mummy: Vatican experts use forensic science to unravel mysteries
http://catholicphilly.com/2015/01/news/world-news/csi-mummy-vatican-experts-use-forensic-science-to-unravel-mysteries/

ANCIENT ORIGINS

The Mystery of Egyptian Tomb KV55 in the Valley of the Kings
http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-africa/mystery-egyptian-tomb-kv55-valley-kings-002608

THE NEW YORK TIMES

Archaeologists Want Egyptian Officials Charged for Damage to Tutankhamen’s Burial Mask
http://www.nytimes.com/2015/01/24/world/middleeast/archaeologists-want-egyptian-officials-charged-for-damage-to-tutankhamens-burial-mask.html?_r=0

AL-AHRAM WEEKLY

All change at the Valley Temple
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/10244/47/All-change-at-the-Valley-Temple.aspx

ACROSSBORDERS

More bricks, walls, finds and ceramics: end of week 3
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/more-bricks-walls-finds-and-ceramics-end-of-week-3/

A Curious Wooden Object from SAV1 East
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/a-curious-wooden-object-from-sav1-east/

Discussing New Kingdom ceramics at Kerma
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/discussing-new-kingdom-ceramics-at-kerma/

AMARA WEST PROJECT BLOG

Amara West 2015: the last days of house D11.2
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/22/amara-west-2015-the-last-days-of-house-d11-2/

Amara West 2015: Stories, memories and archaeology
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/23/amara-west-2015-stories-memories-and-archaeology/

Amara West 2015, week 2: pyramid(s), garden plots, old fish and farming
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/24/amara-west-2015-week-2-pyramids-garden-plots-old-fish-and-farming/

Amara West 2015: footprint of a pyramid builder?
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/26/amara-west-2015-footprint-of-a-pyramid-builder/

Amara West 2015: blue – who knew?
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/27/amara-west-2015-blue-who-knew/

FACES & VOICES

Destroying mummy masks: “Since we own, it’s ok”. Maybe not…
https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2015/01/25/destroying-mummy-masks-since-we-own-its-ok-maybe-not/

EL KURRU: A ROYAL CITY OF ANCIENT KUSH

Return to El Kurru!
http://elkurrukush.blogspot.nl/2015/01/return-to-el-kurru.html

KELSEY MUSEUM

Snowing Dogs and More Dogs
https://kelseymuseum.wordpress.com/2015/01/26/snowing-dogs-and-more-dogs/

BROOKLYN MUSEUM

Happy Caturday from the Brooklyn Museum!
http://brooklynmuseum.tumblr.com/post/109011141368/happy-caturday-from-the-brooklyn-museum-this-is

HARMAKIS

Success for Zahi Hawass in Cortona, to him the Prize CortonAntiquaria 2015
http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3385

The Exodus from Egyptian sources
http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3389

LIVESCIENCE

Weird Accident Damaged King Tut's Beard
http://www.livescience.com/49528-king-tutankhamun-beard-glued.html

THE HUFFINGTON POST

King Tut's Mask Damaged; Beard Snapped Off During Botched Cleaning
http://www.huffingtonpost.com/2015/01/21/king-tuts-mask-damaged_n_6520910.html?utm_hp_ref=science


Sunday, January 25, 2015

Museum Pieces - Amulet in the form of a head of an elephant

Amulet in the form of a head of an elephant

Period: Predynastic, Naqada II
Date: ca. 3500–3300 B.C.
Geography: From Egypt
Medium: Serpentine Bone
Dimensions: h. 3.5 x w. 3.6 x d. 2.1 cm (1 3/8 x 1 7/16 x 13/16 in.)
Credit Line: Rogers Fund, 1959
Accession Number: 59.101.1






Few amulets from the Predynastic Period are known. In the past, Egyptologists identified these amulets as representing a bull's head, but the round face and eyes, the horns that curve inward to the face, and a snout with a defined ridge make a strong argument for its identification as an elephant. During this period, elephants lived in oasis-like zones in the high desert created by greater rainfall than today. They were probably a rare sight to floodplain dwellers, but their size, tusks, and aggressive displays made them an awe-inspiring creature and an excellent subject for a potent amulet.

An amulet is a small object that a person wears, carries, or offers to a deity because he or she believes that it will magically bestow a particular power or form of protection. The conviction that a symbol, form, or concept provides protection, promotes well-being, or brings good luck is common to all societies: in our own, we commonly wear religious symbols, carry a favorite penny, or a rabbit's foot. In ancient Egypt, amulets might be carried, used in necklaces, bracelets, or rings, and—especially—placed among a mummy's bandages to ensure the deceased a safe, healthy, and productive afterlife.

Egyptian amulets functioned in a number of ways. Symbols and deities generally conferred the powers they represent. Small models that represent known objects, such as headrests or arms and legs, served to make sure those items were available to the individual or that a specific need could be addressed. Magic contained in an amulet could be understood not only from its shape. Material, color, scarcity, the grouping of several forms, and words said or ingredients rubbed over the amulet could all be the source for magic granting the possessor's wish.

Small representations of animals seem to have functioned as amulets already in the Predynastic Period (ca. 4500–3100 B.C.). In the Old Kingdom (ca. 2649–2150 B.C.), most amulets took an animal form or were symbols (often based on hieroglyphs), although generalized human forms occurred. Amulets depicting recognizable deities begin to appear in the Middle Kingdom (ca. 2030–1640 B.C.), and the New Kingdom (ca. 1550–1070 B.C.) showed a further increase in the range of amulet forms. With the Third Intermediate Period (ca. 1070–712 B.C.), there was an explosion in the quantity of amulets, and many new types, especially deities, appeared.

Sources:
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/works-of-art/59.101.1
http://www.metmuseum.org/collection/the-collection-online/search/547235
http://www.metmuseum.org/toah/hd/egam/hd_egam.htm

Saturday, January 24, 2015

All change at the Valley Temple

A garden and a brick structure uncovered at the Dahshour Necropolis have changed views of the functions of a pyramid complex, writes Nevine El-Aref

In the parched desert of the Dahshour Royal Necropolis, the southernmost area of the Memphis Necropolis, a number of pyramids are revealing the changes in ancient Egyptian architecture that occurred during the Third and Fourth Dynasties, with step pyramids giving way to the first true pyramids.

There is the Bent Pyramid, the first attempt at building a complete pyramid carried out by the Fourth Dynasty king Senefru, who took pyramid construction to a new level. There is also the Red Pyramid, the first truly smooth-sided pyramid.

 Several kings of the Twelfth and Thirteenth Dynasties also built pyramids at Dahshour, among them Amenemhat II, Sesostris III, and Amenemhat III, who built a pyramid encased in black stone.

A military zone until 1996, the site remained untouched for many years, except for excavations carried out by Egyptologist Ahmed Fakhri in the 1950s, and later by German Egyptologist Reiner Stadelmann. Although several tombs and funerary structures were unearthed, Dahshour still retains many of the secrets of the ancient Egyptians.

The site recently attracted the attention of a mission from the German Archaeological Institute in Cairo, which started comprehensive excavation work in 2010. The work was concentrated in the area north of the Valley Temple of the Bent Pyramid, previously explored by Fakhri, who stumbled upon a brick building that he dated to the Middle Kingdom.

Wednesday, January 21, 2015

Wednesday Weekly # 62

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!

courtesy of Freeman's of Philadelphia

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE

Online Corpus of Ancient Sarcophagi
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2012/06/online-corpus-of-ancient-sarcophagi.html

Projet Karnak : Achèvement de la mise en ligne de la Chapelle de calcite de Thoutmosis IV
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/01/projet-karnak-achevement-de-la-mise-en.html

Online Exhibition: TEXTS FROM ANCIENT EGYPT. Highlights from the Collection of the Leiden Papyrological Institute
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/01/online-exhibition-texts-from-ancient.html

MARÍA ROSA VALDESOGO

A challenge in the Art of Ancient Egypt: Osirian-Solar Iconography.
http://www.mariarosavaldesogo.com/challenge-art-ancient-egypt-osirian-solar-iconography/

IN THE ARTIFACT LAB

New post by Molly Gleeson:

Wilfred/a’s cartonnage
http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2015/01/15/wilfredas-cartonnage/

TELEGRAPH

Egyptian treasures at Freeman's
http://www.telegraph.co.uk/luxury/collectables/58791/the-international-sale-at-freemans-features-egyptian-artefacts.html

NEWTOWNABBEY TIMES

Archaeologist unearths Egypt treasures
http://www.newtownabbeytoday.co.uk/news/local-news/archaeologist-unearths-egypt-treasures-1-6512869

BRYCE C. JONES

Guest Post: Excavating a Theban Tomb and Monastic Cell by Malcolm Choat
http://www.bricecjones.com/blog/guest-post-excavating-a-theban-tomb-and-monastic-cell-by-malcolm-choat

UNIVERSITEIT LEIDEN

TEXTS FROM ANCIENT EGYPT. Highlights from the Collection of the Leiden Papyrological Institute
http://www.hum.leiden.edu/papyrological-institute/papyrus-collection/exhibition-a.html

AHRAM ONLINE

35,000-year-old skeleton to return to Egypt
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/120634/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/,yearold-skeleton-to-return-to-Egypt.aspx

Graeco-Roman necropolis discovered in Alexandria
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/41/120807/Heritage/GrecoRoman/GraecoRoman-necropolis-discovered-in-Alexandria.aspx

AL-AHRAM WEEKLY

More discoveries
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/10130/47/More-discoveries.aspx

The Sphinx is safe
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/10128/47/The-Sphinx-is-safe.aspx

THE EGYPTIAN HISTORY PODCAST

Episode 42: Underworld

The Secret Tomb of Senuseret III
http://egyptianhistorypodcast.com/episode-42-underworld

ACROSSBORDERS

New blogposts by Julia Budka:

Sand, debris and bricks: New sections of negative walls from SAV1 East
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/sand-debris-and-bricks-new-sections-of-negative-walls-from-sav1-east/

End of week 2: more bricks and finds
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/end-of-week-2-more-bricks-and-finds/

First impressions of the 18th Dynasty ceramics from SAV1 West
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/first-impressions-of-the-18th-dynasty-ceramics-from-sav1-west/

AMARA WEST PROJECT BLOG

Amara West 2015 (week 1): painted bone, a house revealed and … ovens
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/16/amara-west-2015-week-1-painted-bone-a-house-revealed-and-ovens/

Amara West 2015: let’s dig some pyramids
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/19/amara-west-2015-lets-dig-some-pyramids/

Amara West 2015: a pyramid edge and its chapel emerges
http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/20/amara-west-2015-a-pyramid-edge-and-its-chapel-emerges/

FACES & VOICES

The new Sappho fragments acquisition history: what we have learnt so far
https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2015/01/15/the-new-sappho-fragments-acquisition-history-what-we-have-learnt-so-far/

THE GLEN DASH FOUNDATION BLOG

Simultaneous Transit and Pyramid Alignments: Were the Egyptians’ Errors in Their Stars or in Themselves?
http://glendash.com/blog/2015/01/19/simultaneous-transit-and-pyramid-alignments-were-the-egyptians-errors-in-their-stars-or-in-themselves/

THE CAIRO POST

The Red Pyramid: Egypt’s forgotten architectural marvel
http://www.thecairopost.com/news/133745/travel-antiquities/the-red-pyramid-egypts-forgotten-architectural-marvel

BROOKLYN MUSEUM

In the spirit of celebrating the 80th anniversary of the Wilbour Library of Egyptology
http://brooklynmuseum.tumblr.com/post/108184012456/in-the-spirit-of-celebrating-the-80th-anniversary

HARMAKIS

The Papyrus of Ani
http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3369

The journey to the land of Punt
http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3373

The Battle of Megiddo
http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3376

LIVESCIENCE

Mummy Mask May Reveal Oldest Known Gospel
http://www.livescience.com/49489-oldest-known-gospel-mummy-mask.html

THE INDEPENDENT

Levison Wood's Walking the Nile: the challenge of a lifetime
http://www.independent.co.uk/travel/africa/levison-woods-walking-the-nile-the-challenge-of-a-lifetime-9987224.html

HISTORY EXTRA

When did Ancient Egypt start and end?
http://www.historyextra.com/feature/ancient-egypt/when-did-ancient-egypt-start-and-end?utm_source=Twitter%20referral&utm_medium=t.co&utm_campaign=Bitly


Sunday, January 18, 2015

Mummy Mask May Reveal Oldest Known Gospel

by Owen Jarus, Live Science Contributor   |   January 18, 2015

A text that may be the oldest copy of a gospel known to exist — a fragment of the Gospel of Mark that was written during the first century, before the year 90 — is set to be published.

At present, the oldest surviving copies of the gospel texts date to the second century (the years 101 to 200).

This first-century gospel fragment was written on a sheet of papyrus that was later reused to create a mask that was worn by a mummy. Although the mummies of Egyptian pharaohs wore masks made of gold, ordinary people had to settle for masks made out of papyrus (or linen), paint and glue. Given how expensive papyrus was, people often had to reuse sheets that already had writing on them.

In recent years scientists have developed a technique that allows the glue of mummy masks to be undone without harming the ink on the paper. The text on the sheets can then be read.

The first-century gospel is one of hundreds of new texts that a team of about three-dozen scientists and scholars is working to uncover, and analyze, by using this technique of ungluing the masks, said Craig Evans, a professor of New Testament studies at Acadia Divinity College in Wolfville, Nova Scotia.

"We're recovering ancient documents from the first, second and third centuries. Not just Christian documents, not just biblical documents, but classical Greek texts, business papers, various mundane papers, personal letters," Evans told Live Science. The documents include philosophical texts and copies of stories by the Greek poet Homer.

The business and personal letters sometimes have dates on them, he said. When the glue was dissolved, the researchers dated the first-century gospel in part by analyzing the other documents found in the same mask.

Saturday, January 17, 2015

The Sphinx is safe

The crack that appeared in the Great Sphinx  reminds us that the state of the monument has often been used in politics and propaganda, writes Zahi Hawass

The Great Sphinx at Giza is a powerful symbol of ancient kingship and the iconic symbol of modern Egypt. Carved from limestone, it is one of the oldest and largest monolithic statues in the world. About a month ago, a deep crack appeared on the north side of this great monument. Archaeologists and conservators moved quickly to restore the Sphinx.
The overseer of the workmen, Saeed, an excellent stonemason, was called in by the sculptor Mahmoud Mabroud and undertook “surgery” on the monument with the result that the Sphinx is now safe. What happened to the Sphinx also reminds us that the Sphinx’s condition has often been used in politics and propaganda.
The ancient Egyptian pharaoh Thutmose IV was the first to do this in about 1400 BCE. He recorded a story on the “dream stela” located between the two front paws of the Sphinx. According to the story, he went out hunting wild animals in the Valley of the Gazelles and came to rest in the shadow of the Sphinx. While he was sleeping, the Sphinx came to him in a dream and said that the sand around his body and neck was hurting him, saying to Thutmose, “If you remove the sand, I will make you king of Egypt.”
Thutmose did as he was bidden and removed the sand and restored the fallen blocks of the Sphinx, later indeed becoming pharaoh of Egypt. However, it has been theorised that he actually killed his elder brother who was supposed to become the king of Egypt and that Thutmose concocted the story of the Sphinx in order to convince people that he had been chosen by the god Horemakhet, in the guise of the Sphinx, to become the king instead of his brother.

Wednesday, January 14, 2015

Wednesday Weekly # 61

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!


(Griffith Institute, University of Oxford) 


DISCOVERY NEWS


By Rossella Lorenzi:


Pharaonic Rock Carvings Found in Egypt

http://news.discovery.com/history/archaeology/pharaonic-rock-carvings-found-in-egypt-150107.htm

MARÍA ROSA VALDESOGO


Ancient Egypt Resurrection. The Penis of Tutankhamun.

http://www.mariarosavaldesogo.com/resurrection-ancient-egypt-erect-penis-tutankhamun/

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE


New Open Access Book: Egyptian Bioarchaeology Humans, Animals, and the Environment

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/01/new-open-access-book-egyptian.html

EGYPTIANS

New post by Timothy Reid:


The Discovery of Ancient Egypt

http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2015/01/the-discovery-of-ancient-egypt.html

AHRAM ONLINE


Relief depicting rare ancient Egyptian image unearthed

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/119801/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Relief-depicting-rare-ancient-Egyptian-image-unear.aspx

Ancient Al-Amir Wall unearthed in Ismailiya

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/120225/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Ancient-AlAmir-Wall-unearthed-in-Ismailiya.aspx

DAILY NEWS EGYPT


4 discoveries made this week by archaeologists

http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/01/07/4-discoveries-made-week-archaeologists/

GEBEL EL SILSILA SURVEY PROJECT


Gebel el Silsila in the news

http://gebelelsilsilaepigraphicsurveyproject.blogspot.nl/2015/01/gebel-el-silsila-in-news.html

PAST HORIZONS


Archaeologists believe they have found the tomb of an unknown Egyptian queen

http://www.pasthorizonspr.com/index.php/archives/01/2015/archaeologists-believe-they-have-found-the-tomb-of-an-unknown-egyptian-queen

ACROSSBORDERS


End of week 1

http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/end-of-week-1/

Object Registration from SAV1 East and SAV1 West

http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/object-registration-from-sav1-east-and-sav1-west/

Scientific trip to the Abry market

http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/scientific-trip-to-the-abry-market/

AMARA WEST PROJECT BLOG


By Neal Spencer, Keeper of Ancient Egypt and Sudan, British Museum:


Amara West 2015: onwards from Khartoum

http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/07/amara-west-2015-onwards-from-khartoum/

Amara West 2015: a first glimpse of site

http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/08/amara-west-2015-a-first-glimpse-of-site/

Amara West 2015: investigating ancient suburban sprawl

http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/09/amara-west-2015-investigating-ancient-suburban-sprawl/

By Mat Dalton, University of Cambridge:


Amara West 2015: dealing with the cold, New Kingdom-style

http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/12/amara-west-2015-dealing-with-the-cold-new-kingdom-style/

By Anna Garnett, Assistant Project Curator, British Museum:


Amara West 2015: ceramics and an enigmatic beast

http://blog.amarawest.britishmuseum.org/2015/01/13/amara-west-2015-ceramics-and-an-enigmatic-beast/

DR. GARRY SHAW


Exploring the Dakhla Oasis

http://garryshawegypt.blogspot.co.uk/2015/01/exploring-dakhla-oasis.html

THE CAIRO POST


Ancient Egyptian fortress unearthed in Sinai

http://www.thecairopost.com/news/132836/travel-antiquities/ancient-egyptian-fortress-unearthed-in-sinai

HARMAKIS


Who were the Hyksos?

http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3361

The Mummification, reborn in the Afterlife

http://harmakis.net/en/archives/3365

PINTEREST


Rosalind Paget watercolours

http://www.pinterest.com/griffithinst/rosalind-paget-watercolours/

UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN

The Pharaohs of Ancient Sudan
http://www.lsa.umich.edu/lsa/ci.thepharaohsofancientsudan_ci.detail