Wednesday, May 20, 2015

Wednesday Weekly # 79

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!

Gebel El Silsila Survey Project

THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE

Digital Atlas of Egyptian Archaeology
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/05/digital-atlas-of-egyptian-archaeology.html

Open Access Monograph Series: Probleme der Ägyptologie
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/05/open-access-monograph-series-probleme.html

Open Access Journal: Sphinx: Revue critique embrassant le domaine entier de l'égyptologie
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/05/open-access-journal-sphinx-revue.html

MARÍA ROSA VALDESOGO

In Ancient Egypt Isis was the South and Nephthys the North.
http://www.mariarosavaldesogo.com/in-ancient-egypt-isis-the-south-nephthys-the-north/

LUXOR TIMES

Remains of Long-Lost New Kingdom temple discovered in Gebel El Silsila
http://luxortimesmagazine.blogspot.nl/2015/05/remains-of-long-lost-new-kingdom-temple_17.html

IN THE ARTIFACT LAB

Looking inside Nespekashuti
http://www.penn.museum/sites/artifactlab/2015/05/14/looking-inside-nespekashuti/

EGYPTIANS

The Illustrated Guide To The Egyptian Museum In Cairo
http://tim-theegyptians.blogspot.nl/2015/05/the-illustrated-guide-to-egyptian.html

AHRAM ONLINE

"One God, Three Religions" inaugurated at the Egyptian Museum
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/130415/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/One-God,-Three-Religions-inaugurated-at-the-Egypti.aspx

New discovery: Gabal Al-Selsila quarries were a sacred area in ancient Egypt
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/130463/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/New-discovery-Gabal-AlSelsila-quarries-were-a-sacr.aspx

Egypt antiquities ministry responds to accusations of Alexandria excavation site 'destruction'
http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/130672/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Egypt-antiquities-ministry-responds-to-accusations.aspx

AL-AHRAM WEEKLY

The future of the past
http://weekly.ahram.org.eg/News/11238/47/The-future-of-the-past.aspx

DAILY NEWS EGYPT

Swedish team accidently discovers temple remains at quarry near Aswan
http://www.dailynewsegypt.com/2015/05/19/swedish-team-accidently-discovers-temple-remains-at-quarry-near-aswan/

GEBEL EL SILSILA SURVEY PROJECT

Amazing discovery!
http://gebelelsilsilaepigraphicsurveyproject.blogspot.nl/2015/05/amazing-discovery.html

ACROSSBORDERS

A micromorphological investigation of space use in the New Kingdom town on Sai Island
http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/a-micromorphological-investigation-of-space-use-in-the-new-kingdom-town-on-sai-island/

FACES & VOICES

Thinking about Buying a Papyrus Online? Think Twice!
https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2015/05/15/thinking-about-buying-a-papyrus-online-think-twice/

DR. GARRY SHAW

Racing Animal Mummies at the Louvre
http://garryshawegypt.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/racing-animal-mummies-at-louvre.html

All hail the Egyptian Mongoose!
http://garryshawegypt.blogspot.co.uk/2015/05/all-hail-egyptian-mongoose.html

BIBLICAL ARCHAEOLOGY SOCIETY

Video: How to Make a Mudbrick at Tell Timai (Ancient Thmuis)
http://www.biblicalarchaeology.org/daily/ancient-cultures/daily-life-and-practice/video-how-to-make-a-mudbrick-at-tell-timai-ancient-thmuis/

HARMAKIS

Foundations and Temple remains uncovered in Aswan
http://harmakis.net/archives/3639

NILE MAGAZINE

So Where Are The Mummies?
http://www.nilemagazine.com.au/latest-stories/2015/5/14/so-where-are-the-mummies

Akhenaten's Empty Tomb
http://www.nilemagazine.com.au/latest-stories/2015/5/16/akhenatens-empty-tomb

The Road To Eternity
http://www.nilemagazine.com.au/latest-stories/2015/5/18/the-road-to-eternity

THE CAIRO POST

Sibling marriages among Pharaohs stunted their height: study
http://www.thecairopost.com/news/150514/culture/sibling-marriages-among-pharaohs-stunted-their-height-study

Exhibition on 3 monotheistic religions in Egypt inaugurated at Egyptian Museum
http://www.thecairopost.com/news/150700/culture/exhibition-on-3-monotheistic-religions-in-egypt-inaugurated-at-egyptian-museum

Ancient Egyptian temple remains discovered in Gebel al Silisilah quarry
http://www.thecairopost.com/news/151080/culture/ancient-egyptian-temple-remains-discovered-in-gebel-al-silisilah-quarry

SAQQARA.NL

Digging diary, week 2: 9 - 15 May 2015
http://www.saqqara.nl/news/mission-digging-diary/2015-digging-diaries/2015-05-15

ANCIENT ORIGINS

Pyramids of Meroë stand as Last Remnants of a Powerful Civilization
http://www.ancient-origins.net/ancient-places-africa/pyramids-mero-stand-last-remnants-powerful-civilization-003065

Ancient temple dating back 3,500 years found near Aswan in Egypt
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/ancient-temple-dating-back-3500-years-found-near-aswan-egypt-003083


Monday, May 18, 2015

Long-Lost Egyptian Temple Found

By Rossella Lorenzi

Remains of the long lost temple of Kheny have been unearthed at Gebel el Silsila, north of Aswan, Egypt’s Minister of Antiquities announced today.

Revealing the foundations and blockwork of the temple, the ruins are one of the few remnants of the settlement of Kheny or Khenu, which is the ancient Egyptian name — meaning “Rowing Place” — for Gebel el-Silsila.

The site, located on both banks of the Nile between Edfu and Kom Ombo, was extensively used as a quarry from the New Kingdom until Roman times.

“We know that huge quantities of sandstone for temple building were quarried there,” Lund University archaeologist Maria Nilsson, director of the Gebel el Silsila Survey Project, told Discovery News.

Indeed, virtually all of Egypt’s great temples, including those at Karnak and Luxor, were built with sandstone from Gebel el Silsila.

“Now this finding changes the history of the site, and it firmly establishes Gebel el Silsila as not only a quarry, but also a sacred location,” she added.

While cult activities at the site were mainly associated with the Nile and its inundation, the principal deity was Sobek, the god of crocodiles who controlled the waters.

Sunday, May 17, 2015

Museum Pieces - Bronze Situla

Bolton Museum
Bronze Situla

Cast bronze situla, votive offering, with lotiform petal base decorated with scenes in three registers around vessel.

ID: 197113A
Object: Situla
Provenance: North Saqqara
Period: Late Period; C4 B.C. (?)
Material: Copper-alloy (bronze)
Reference number: 1971.13:A


Situla - A sacred vessel used for religious ceremonies, the situla is a very small round-bottomed bucket or pail, usually cast from bronze and decorated with mythological motifs. During the Ptolemaic and Roman periods, the situla was carried by the priests of Isis and used in rituals and processions. The situla held holy water from the Nile or milk as a symbol of Isis in her form as a mother goddess.








Sources: 

http://www.boltonmuseums.org.uk/collections/item/439?keyword=situla&subjectId=4

Egyptian Mythology, A to Z,  By Pat Remler, page 180


Friday, May 15, 2015

2000-year-old Egyptian mummy to go on display after being left at dump

2,000-year-old mummy named Ta-Iset has been restored after languishing in cellar and nearly being thrown away

The 2,000-year-old mummified body of a Egyptian child in a casket that was found at a rubbish dump in France is to go on display for the first time after more than a year of careful restoration work partly funded by public donations.

The story of how the relic was discovered has entered local legend in Reuil-Malmaison after a resident, who has never been identified, turned up at the municipal dump in 2001 and asked where to throw her unwanted goods.

“She said: ‘Where shall I put this, it’s a mummy?’ We weren’t sure exactly what she was talking about. She just said she was clearing her cellar,” Jean-Louis Parichon, an employee at the dump, recalled shortly afterwards.

“I immediately saw it was an extraordinary thing and put it to one side. Then when I’d stopped being astonished, I called the town museum.”

After years of examination, experts declared that the mummy had been brought from Egypt by one of Napoleon’s generals in the mid-1850s.

The mummy, whose name from the hieroglyphics is Ta-Iset (she of Isis), is believed to date from around 350BC and comes from the Akhmim region in upper Egypt on the east bank of the river Nile.

Thursday, May 14, 2015

Mummies' Height Reveals Incest

By Rossella Lorenzi

The height of the pharaohs who ruled ancient Egypt supports historical records that they might have married their sisters and cousins, says new research into 259 mummies.

It's known from historical sources that incestuous marriages were common among the ancient Egyptian royalty. The pharaohs believed they descended from the gods so inbreeding was seen as a way to retain the sacred bloodline.

But it is hard to prove incest in royal marriages through genetic testings because of ethical consideration when destroying mummies' tissues.

Frank Rühli, director of the Institute of Evolutionary Medicine at the University of Zurich, and colleagues used a highly hereditable character, body height, to look for evidence of incest in 259 mummies of both commoners and royals.

"It is actually one of the largest collections of body height of ancient Egyptians and spans all major periods of their history," Rühli told Discovery News.

The researchers tested the hypothesis of royal incest by studying variation (difference between individuals) of body heights of royals and comparing it with variations among commoners.

"Pharaohs varied less in height than men of the common population. This is one indicator of inbreeding," Rühli said.

Detailing their results in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology, Rühli and colleagues noted that the pharaohs were taller than non-royal males from the same time period, while there was little difference between the stature of queens and common Egyptian women.

Wednesday, May 13, 2015

Unraveling ancient Egypt’s animal mummy mystery

By Michael E. Miller

What do you call an ancient Egyptian animal mummy with no body inside?

A modern mystery.

Using high powered X-ray machines, British researchers have revealed secrets hidden for almost 3,000 years in the sands of the cradle of civilization. But they have also stirred debate over what those secrets mean for our understanding of ancient Egyptians and their religious beliefs.

As part of a BBC documentary scheduled to air Monday, scientists from the University of Manchester have unveiled CT scans of the insides of more than 800 ancient Egyptian animal mummies. The startling images are as fascinating for what they don’t show, however, as they are for what they do.

Roughly a third of the animal mummies examined were completely empty, Egyptologist Lidija McKnight told The Washington Post. Another third contained only partial skeletons, sometimes as little as a single bone.

“That is the most shocking to most people, that some of them don’t contain what you are expecting,” she said. “I think the more we look at them, the more that becomes sort of commonplace.”

McKnight said that many of the mummies, which date to between 1000 B.C. and 400 A.D., look similar on the outside but contain very different things inside. Two cat mummies, for instance, might look the same but whereas one would contain a complete kitty skeleton, the other would be empty.

Wednesday Weekly # 78

Welcome to the Wednesday Weekly, your weekly dose of links to Egyptology news, articles, blogs, events and more!

The Washington Post
THE ANCIENT WORLD ONLINE

Thesaurus Linguae Aegyptiae

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2010/09/open-access-thesaurus-linguae-aegyptiae.html

Pyramid Texts Online

http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2011/05/pyramid-texts-online.html

Digital Map of Egypt
http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.nl/2015/05/digital-map-of-egypt.html

LUXOR TIMES

Egypt to repatriate 32 artefacts from Switzerland

http://luxortimesmagazine.blogspot.nl/2015/05/egypt-to-repatriate-32-artefacts-from.html

LIVERPOOL ECHO


Animal mummies go under the X-ray in Liverpool

http://www.liverpoolecho.co.uk/whats-on/arts-culture-news/animal-mummies-go-under-x-ray-9234130

BBC NEWS

70 million animal mummies: Egypt’s dark secret

http://www.bbc.com/news/science-environment-32685945

AHRAM ONLINE

Smuggled artefacts to return to Egypt from Switzerland

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/129774/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/Smuggled-artefacts-to-return-to-Egypt-from-Switzer.aspx

International GEM conference Sunday on handling Tutankhamun collection

http://english.ahram.org.eg/NewsContent/9/40/129780/Heritage/Ancient-Egypt/International-GEM-conference-Sunday-on-handling-Tu.aspx

ACROSSBORDERS

Sai during the 19th Dynasty: a brief update and outlook

http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/sai-during-the-19th-dynasty-a-brief-update-and-outlook/

SARS colloquium 2015, British Museum London

http://acrossborders.oeaw.ac.at/sars-colloquium-2015-british-museum-london/

FACES & VOICES

From Egypt to London Bonhams again?

https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2015/05/09/from-egypt-to-london-bonhams-again/

Update on Bonhams glass inlays

https://facesandvoices.wordpress.com/2015/05/12/update-on-bonhams-glass-inlays/

KELSEY MUSEUM

Staff Favorite


Favorite Artifact: The Coffin of Djehutymose. Mummiform coffin of the priest Djehutymose. Wood, plaster, and paint. Saite period (26th dynasty, 685–525 BC).
https://kelseymuseum.wordpress.com/2015/05/11/staff-favorite-2/

BROOKLYN MUSEUM

The Brooklyn Museum is proud and honored to have one of the oldest Egyptian female figures
http://brooklynmuseum.tumblr.com/post/118688871772/the-brooklyn-museum-is-proud-and-honored-to-have

HARMAKIS

Osarseph - Moses
http://harmakis.net/archives/3634

BENTO

Friday Fave: Fragment of a Glass Beaker
http://bento.si.edu/from-the-collections/ancient-near-east/friday-fave-fragment-of-a-glass-beaker/

SAQQARA.NL

Digging diary, week 1: 1 - 7 May 2015
http://www.saqqara.nl/news/mission-digging-diary/2015-digging-diaries/2015-05-08

ANCIENT ORIGINS

Ancient Wonder of the World: Egypt Approves Plan to Rebuild Pharos of Alexandria
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-general/ancient-wonder-world-egypt-approves-plan-rebuild-pharos-alexandria-003022

The Veneration and Worship of Felines in Ancient Egypt
http://www.ancient-origins.net/history/veneration-and-worship-felines-ancient-egypt-003030

70 Million Mummified Animals in Egypt Reveal Dark Secret of Ancient Mummy Industry
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-history-archaeology/70-million-mummified-animals-egypt-reveal-dark-secret-ancient-mummy-020338

New Study Presents Evidence of Extensive Inbreeding among Ancient Egyptian Royalty
http://www.ancient-origins.net/news-general/new-study-presents-evidence-extensive-inbreeding-among-ancient-egyptian-royalty-003045

LIVESCIENCE

Habeas Corpus! Many Egyptian Animal Mummies Were Boneless
http://www.livescience.com/50799-empty-animal-mummies.html

Gallery of Egypt's Mysterious Animal Mummies
http://www.livescience.com/50798-animal-mummy-gallery.html

DISCOVERY NEWS

Mummies' Height Reveals Incest
http://news.discovery.com/history/ancient-egypt/mummies-height-reveals-incest-150511.htm

THE WASHINGTON POST

Unraveling ancient Egypt’s animal mummy mystery
http://www.washingtonpost.com/news/morning-mix/wp/2015/05/11/unravelling-ancient-egypts-animal-mummy-mystery/